Awaiting validation An incomplete post medieval ceramic tobacco pipe dating AD This tobacco pipe has a small, rounded bowl, which has an internal diameter of The bowl is set at an oblique angle to the stem and there is a milled design running around the rim. There is part of a spur heel at the junction between the bowl and the stem. None of the stem is present as it is broken near the bowl. Awaiting validation An incomplete moulded clay pipe of late post-medieval late 18thth century date. The pipe has a rounded bowl which has suffered some damage, and a short length of the pipe stem remaining. The pipe bowl is decorated with projecting stipples of clay and a rouletting around the rim – there is no maker’s mark or other decoration. This pipe may have been of they type which has a very long, and therefore brittle stem, popular in the 19th century. Awaiting validation In incomplete clay pipe. A clay pipe bowl with a flat heel.
Clay tobacco pipes, summarised from specialist report by Dr David Higgins
American Archeology Table 2. Colono pipe bore data from Jamestown Island. University Press of Virginia, diamond-cartouche fleur-de-lis decorations that were exclu- Charlottesville, VA.
The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America. Historical archeologists excavating English colonial.
View Larger Image. Ask Seller a Question. At the heart of this study lies an illustrated catalogue of over 2, clay pipes dating from the 17th and 18th centuries, the majority of which are held in Yorkshire collections. The size and topographical range of Yorkshire ensures the county’s suitability as a case study for examining pipe production as well as regional variations and trade. The extensive catalogue is preceded by a discussion of the methodology of studying clay pipes, the documentary evidence for kiln sites and production, Yorkshire clay sources, the development of the bowl form, the stem, the range of marks, the distribution and the archaeological evidence for imported pipes.
Lists of pipemakers and associated documents and inventories are presented in appendices. Visit Seller’s Storefront. All books are shipped in new condition. We are happy to accept returns within 30 days of receipt. Given the scarce nature of many of our books, orders placed with? Book Depository hard to find? Please contact the seller directly if you wish to return an order.
CLAY TOBACCO PIPE STEMS FOUND IN CUMBERLAND
The surface of Jacksonville ” Blue China ” shipwreck contained a widely scattered cargo of 63 clay tobacco pipes from which a sample of 16 examples were recovered in two different styles: 13 examples of a ribbed type also referred to as fluted or cockled featuring raised vertical lines extending along the bowl. The pipes were produced in different two-part molds and all are made from white clay. A number of the examples were recovered broken.
Dating Stem Fragments of Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Clay Tobacco Pipes*. WithJ. C. Harrington. You have download access for this.
Part of: Society for Historical Archaeology The identification and sourcing of pipe clays, using clay pipes to understand trade patterns and socio-economic variables, and the need for tightly dated North American typologies were just a few of the directions proposed to enhance archaeological interpretation. Now that 15 years have passed, what have we achieved since then and what more needs to be done? Historical literature and archaeological evidence both indicate that clay pipes were produced in France before , namely in various towns of Northern France, but such pipe collections have yet to be systematically analyzed.
However, some people engage in clay pipe research without questioning the established methodologies or recognizing their limitations. Others have successfully utilized clay pipes to investigate consumption patterns, trade, socioeconomic Historians have failed to identify Robert Cotton or determine why he was chosen as one of the first Jamestown colonists. With archival information A clay pipe bearing the mark of its maker can serve as a useful tool for identifying the market connections of an individual household.
Applied on a broader level, it can serve as a reflection of how larger political events affect the exchange network of a geographic area. For nearly two-hundred years trade in tobacco was the beating heart of a trans-Atlantic exchange network that bound the fortunes of ports on the western coast of England and Scotland with those in the colonial Chesapeake. In , a team of archaeologist under the direction of Joan Geismar, excavated the Water Street site along the East River waterfront in lower Manhattan.
Thousands of smoking pipes were recovered that dated between circa and circa , a period of time less documented archaeologically in New York City. In , the collection of , artifacts from the Water St.
An Evaluation of Tobacco Pipe Stem Dating Formulas.
Clay tobacco pipes are a common artifact type found in historic Euro-American archaeological sites. These inexpensive and disposable items were generally manufactured, used, and thrown away within a very short span of time, and individual styles can often be traced to specific manufacturer and period of production. Thus, clay pipes can serve as a valuable tool in helping to date a historic archaeological site.
usefulness of clay pipe remains in dating Australian archaeological sites. ‘If archaeologists had to describe an ideal artefact with which to understand the past it.
Therefore, the most important step in identifying a makers’ mark is to first look at the pipe fragment from which it came. By studying the shape, size and characteristics of the pipe bowl it is possible to determine a date range for that particular fragment, and perhaps its regional origin. If this can be established, then the next task is to examine existing documentation for listings of pipemakers and collections of marked pipes which have already been identified.
In those cases when all you have to go by is a small marked pipe fragment, there are several criteria that can help establish a relative date range and then, hopefully, a positive maker identification. As a rule of thumb, marked pipes from the first half of the 17th century are predominantly stamped on the heel. This is true for both English and Dutch pipes.
By the second half of the 17th century, makers’ marks on English pipes can still be found stamped on the heel but are also found on the backs of bowls and on the stem. In the case of Dutch pipes from the later 17th and 18th centuries, they are distinguished from the English pipes not only by their bowl shape and presence of rouletting around the rim, but also because pipemakers continued to mark their pipes on the heel, often using minuscule marks.
Excavations at Ferryland over the past seven years have recovered tens of thousands of clay tobacco pipe fragments. From these collections, all of the 17th and 18th century marked pipes were removed for further analysis and identification. The guide even includes an illustrated list of the different kinds of mud , which in its seriousness may be amusing to some! Most locations have either patches or whole banks of shingle, some interspersed with areas of sand, others with areas of mud.
For most visitors the fragments of clay tobacco pipe are the most memorable novelties, and a trademark of the Thames foreshore. Pieces of pipe-stem are easy to pick up in certain areas, complete bowls less so..
A Short History Of Clay Pipes
There follows a summary of pipe fragments, in date order, including details of makers, where known. Only two small, barrel-shaped bowls of this date were recovered, both retrieved from contexts and , which also contained pipe fragments of probable later 17th century date. One of the bowls is marked with the initials, ‘PE’, incuse, on the pedestal heel see Figure He was one of the more important founder members of the Bristol Pipemakers Guild in and one of the feoffees of the St Michael’s church lands from c.
Philip I had died by Pipes bearing the initials, ‘PE’, are routinely found on excavations in Bristol, and have also been found in Somerset, Gloucestershire, North Devon, Herefordshire, Glamorgan and Monmouthshire Price ,
The area was part of the Foubert trading post on lot 14 concession 1, founded in This was known as Foubert landing. Foubert came from a family of fur traders. He is the founder of Cumberland village. Some claim it was a Hudson Bay company trading post site, others say he was an independent trader. I gave the artefacts to the Cumberland Heritage village heritage museum. It became a fashionable trend to smoke a pipe.
Glasgow was at the time an internationally renowned company of Scotland. There was a variety of material used in making the pipes such as wood, porcelain, clay and plaster. Each country developed its own designs. In Europe, where workshops first appeared, clay was found locally or imported. The early pipes were handmade but later they were made in moulds and fired in kilns. The companies used a stamp or a roulette to print their name on the pipe stems.
Clay Tobacco-Pipe Research and Historical Archaeology in Germany, a Difficult Relationship
Clay tobacco-pipe studies played an important, yet unacknowledged, role in the formation process of historical archaeology in Germany. Systematic analyses of smoking utensils and the craftsmanship involved in making them were the forerunners of the academic discipline. Clay-pipe studies were never restricted by disciplinary boundaries.
related to the pipe industry and the pipe makers, allowing for accurate dating of marked and decorated pipes. Additionally, clay tobacco pipes are extremely.
This pipe has a short handle and a round, partially broken bowl decorated with vegetation motifs. It is representative of the type of pipe that was popular in the Ottoman regions, that is, made up of a small recipient to contain the tobacco and to which is attached a long stem. A plant discovered in the New World in the sixteenth century, tobacco spread quickly to Europe and the Middle East but only became generalized in the beginning of the seventeenth century.
It was apparently introduced by Portuguese sailors to the coastal cities, then spread by the soldiers and merchants throughout the entire Ottoman territory. Opposition to tobacco was manifested quite quickly, from and throughout the sixteenth century, with several fatwa issued against its consumption. An interdiction was imposed for the first time under the reign of Sultan Ahmad r.
Ball-clay tobacco pipe bore diameters have long been a central method of dating sites for historical archaeologists (Harrington ; Binford. ). It has been.
Thumbnails Detail Comments. The manufacture of clay pipes for smoking began in Britain about , a few years after the introduction of tobacco from America. The earliest forms of pipe were made from kaolin clay white ball clay and it is likely their form was adapted from those used by the American Indians. Since then, clay pipes manufactured within the British Isles continued to be made from kaolin clays which has the advantage over other clays of giving the pipe a uniformly white colour after firing and less shrinkage.
Dating clay pipes As a result of research and archaeological excavations, clay pipes can generally be dated to within 20 years or so and as such are now important artefacts used in dating archaeological layers. Criteria for dating clay pipes were developed based on their bowl size and shape as well as stem bore diameters. Stem bore diameters were greatest in the earliest pipes and narrowing with regularity over the following years. By , stem bore diameters had stabilised and so this method for dating pipes is not applicable to pipes manufactured after c.
The size and shape of the bowl can also be another way to broadly date clay pipes. The earliest pipe bowls were hardly any wider then their stem whereas by the bowl had increased to a more bulbous form with a greater capacity to hold more tobacco. Stem lengths varied but this tended to be in response to fashionable demands and so is not a reliable criterion for dating. Clay pipe usage By their nature, clay pipes are relatively fragile and often of short life span, but would have varied according to its usage and how careful its owner was.
When a pipe was no longer fit for use, it was usually discarded and a replacement was cheap to buy due to their mass production and so, often found in quantity.
File:A fragment of a Post Medieval ceramic tobacco pipe dating AD1580-1610 (FindID 539786).jpg
The making of tobacco pipes from clay, historically by press moulding but more recently also by slip casting see also wooden pipe making. Tobacco was first brought to England during the Tudor period, and was smoked in a clay pipe. Clay tobacco pipe making began c. Over the next years, almost every city and town and many villages had a clay pipe maker. The clay pipe industry peaked c.
One of the most useful artefacts for dating excavated historical sites is the clay tobacco pipe. By the. 19th century these pipes were being mass-produced by.
Post a Comment. Our heroes Andy and Lance are working the field with metal detectors, rhythmically swinging them back and forth while listening through headphones for telltale pings signaling metal in the ground. Lance carefully puts the ring pull into a plastic baggie. Cut my heel. Had to cruise on back home. People buy this shit. That exchange captures the gently mocking, almost self-deprecating humor of this superb series.
Not much of a vacation actually as I was trying to cope with nasty back issues that kept me from looking much above eye-level without excruciating pain. A friend, who is a birding authority, was visiting, so my wife and I ventured out with her to several of the nature preserves that dot the North Fork.
The Pottery and Clay Tobacco Pipe Industries of Rainford, St Helens New Research
Clay tobacco pipes were made in England shortly after the introduction of date the bowl grew larger and the stem increased to 10 – 14” ( – mm). A.
A total of 24 fragments of clay tobacco pipe were included in this study, comprising 16 bowls and 8 stem fragments. Some of these pieces could be attributed to specific excavations undertaken during the s and s but the majority either date from pre excavations or are now unstratified. Although not specifically included in this study, the site museum also holds a collection of other pipes from the site, which probably derive either from gardening activity or as unstratified finds from earlier excavations.
These have been briefly reviewed for this study since they provide an important body of comparative material for the excavated pieces. The unstratified finds comprise 96 pipe bowl fragments 71 of which are marked , two stem fragments and part of an eighteenth century hair curler with a crowned IB stamp on it. Most of the fragments were accurately identified and dated, shedding light on the continued interest in the site and its connections with the wider region following the dissolution.
Overall the pipe fragments range from c. This may be in part due to a collecting bias, which has clearly favoured the retention of bowls. Later bowls, with their thinner walls, are more prone to fragmentation and very few stems have been collected. The excavations have produced one very early rare pipe bowl that dates from c. The museum collection includes another early bowl of the same type and a slightly later but very good quality Gauntlet pipe of c.
It is clear that high status material was being used and discarded on the site during the late sixteenth to early seventeenth century. This difference hints at the early development of regional styles, which would, in turn, imply that local production was taking place in this area at an early date.